Colombia has universal healthcare, but resources are low compared to developed countries. Corruption is draining the system and limiting development.
Life expectancy at birth
Colombians’ life expectancy at birth has historically been higher than the global average, but lower than that of the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean, especially after increased violence in the 1980s.
Source: World Bank
Access to healthcare
While more and more Colombians have been registered for health insurance, according to surveys by the country’s statistics agency, this has not resulted in people effectively having more access to health care.
Source: Ministry of Health and Social Protection / DANE
Healthcare coverage by province
Colombia’s healthcare coverage depends per region where the coverage depends on regional providers. This leads to atypical disparities.
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 births)
While the global maternal mortality rate has been dropping slowly since 1990, according to the World Bank, that of Colombia has been stable. The country has yet to deliver data from after 2011.
Child mortality rate (per 1000 births)
Colombia’s child mortality rate has been considerably lower than the global average, but has been dropping less fast.
Source: World Bank
Today, Colombia spends around 7% of its GDP on health care. This figure has made a mild recovery since spending plummeted in 1999 against the backdrop of a financial recession and an escalating internal armed conflict.
Source: World Health Organization
Non-transmissible diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and diabetes, account for over 50% of deaths in Colombia.
Almost 60% of adults in Colombia are obese.
Chronic alcohol dependence affects nearly 900,000 Colombians, predominantly men.
Deaths from tobacco use
In Colombia, 11.5% of cancer deaths in 2016 were the result of direct tobacco use. This figure fell by 3% over a decade.
In 2015, 22 in 100,000 deaths in Colombia were the result of toxic air; the same amount since 1990. Over a decade, the number of deaths caused by ozone inhalation doubled. However, fewer die from inhaling smoke while burning fossil fuels inside the home.